The Carthaginian settlement in the 8th century B.C.E., turned the Palermo area, already inhabited since prehistoric times, into an important commercial emporium named Panormus. The settlement further gained in importance under the Romans. From the 6th to the 9th century, it passed into Byzantine hands, a period considered to be one of decadence. Yet the successive Arab and Norman conquests were decisive in transforming Palermo into one of the most splendid cities in the Mediterranean. Its artistic and cultural splendor continued to increase until the beginning of the 19th century, principally under Iberian influence. Today, Palermo remains one of the most exuberant cities in Europe, being an extremely rich patchwork of cultures, architectures and traditions. It is often described as a daunting place to visit, but its patrimony is so impressive that it ought to be seen and understood by aficionados of history, art, architecture and, of course, food. Our dedicated team of local experts will help you decipher the extraordinary heritage of Sicily’s capital.