The area of the Vendicari Nature Reserve, well-known for the rich variety of flora and fauna which characterizes its marshes, sand dunes and sea, also includes numerous archaeological sites from the Protohistoric period to the Middle Ages. Its rich soil, the presence of natural harbours along the coastline, and the abundance of sea salt and fish, created the ideal conditions for the birth of towns, farms and fisheries.
Our exploration of Vendicari begins with a visit to the Roman Villa of Tellaro, which was built during the middle of the 4th century C.E. This Roman site, discovered below the remains of an 18th century farm, has a wide and well-preserved complex of mosaics, crafted by craftsmen from North Africa. In addition to the beautiful phytomorphic motifs of the mosaics, there is a superb hunting scene, as well as an episode of Homer’s Iliad.
We then head off to the ruins of Eloro, a Greek colony established by Syracuse at the end of the 18th century B.C.E., to keep control over the southern coastal area. We continue with a stroll along the main street of the polis, admiring the remains of a theatre, the sanctuaries of Demeter and Asclepius, a small public square, and the city walls, to arrive at the Colonna Pizzuta, a Hellenistic monumental tomb formed by an hypogeic chamber topped with a huge column.
A few miles away, at the heart of the Vendicari Nature Reserve, near the Medieval tower built by Peter of Aragon in the first half of the 15th century, we take a stroll among the ruins of two fisheries: the former used by Greeks and Romans between the 4th century B.C. and the 2nd century C.E., the latter employed by tuna fishermen from the 17th century until recent times.
We conclude our delightful walk in the Byzantine town of Cittadella dei Maccari, an important coastal village inhabited from the 5th to the 9th century C.E., exploring the impressive structure of a Byzantine church, as well as several catacombs.
Rates for this private excursion: 1-4 people € 380 / 5-8 people € 420
Tour duration: ca. 6.5h
Incidentals: admission ticket (€ 6,00)
For lunch, your guide will be able to make some excellent recommendations.
Contact us to book this private tour in Vendicari, we will let you know about our availability and answer any questions you may have.